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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
In-vitro Bactericidal and Virus-inactivating Effects of Various Hand-wash and Gargle Products
1)Timelapse Vision Inc, 2)Department of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo Women's Medical University
Tsutomu TOMITA1) & Ken KIKUCHI2)
(Received October 16, 2017)
(Accepted June 13, 2018)
Key words: disinfectant, bactericidal, virus inactivation
Abstract

Hand washing and gargling are recommended for prevention of infectious diseases, especially in the case of epidemics. Currently, several disinfectant-containing hand-washing products and mouthwashes for general household use are available in the market. In this study, we compared the bactericidal or virus-inactivating effects of these products. The pathogenic bacteria used for this study were MRSA and EHEC O157, and the viruses were influenza A and feline calicivirus, used as a substitute for norovirus. The test solutions of various products were mixed with the pathogenic fluid at 9: 1 or 5: 5 and allowed to react for 15 seconds. The decrease in viable count and infectious virus titer after the reaction were measured with the dilution plate method and plaque method, respectively.

Products containing povidone-iodine or acidic ethanol showed a high reduction value (exceeding 4 log10) against the bacteria and viruses tested. However, hypochlorous acid products and ordinary ethanol products for disinfection had little effect on feline calicivirus in this test method. A strong bactericidal or virus-inactivating effect was confirmed when the test method was changed, with the mixing ratio at the time of reaction set to 9: 1 and the coexisting cell culture medium components eliminated. These results suggested that the efficacies varied greatly depending on the test method. Products having reliable disinfection effects under the conditions in which they were used were considered useful for prevention of infectious diseases.

[ Kansenshogaku Zasshi 92: 670-677, 2018 ]

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